The main target of well being and wellness professionals immediately is on illness and issues – in different phrases, what’s flawed (adverse well being). Would not you slightly be focusing as an alternative on optimistic well being, or in different phrases, what’s proper?
Well being In the present day
Well being immediately has a illness focus – a deal with threat discount, avoidance, prevention and therapy of illness, infirmity and incapacity. This focus stems, little question, from drugs and its deal with pathogenesis, which is the examine of the origin of illness. In a pathogenic mannequin – well being is measured by the incidence of illness or well being associated issues. Success within the pathogenic mannequin is measured by the avoidance or elimination of issues, ailments and untimely demise.
Well being is usually depicted as being a continuum, with one finish being untimely demise and the opposite finish being wellness. The mid-point of the continuum is usually described as being a impartial level the place no discernible sickness or wellness could be detected. If success within the pathogenic mannequin is the avoidance or elimination of issues or illness, then success on this case this doesn’t create a state of wellness, however as an alternative a degree there isn’t any discernible sickness or wellness. The betterment of well being or the motion in the direction of wellness would then require that deliberate, particular concrete actions to be taken.
The need of taking deliberate, concrete motion to attain optimum well being, optimistic well being or excessive stage wellness can be in step with what researchers have present in different areas. Researchers have proven that eliminating negatives alone doesn’t, in and of itself, create optimistic circumstances. Some examples that show what I’m saying would come with:
• Herzberg who confirmed that eliminating dissatisfaction doesn’t create satisfaction
• Compton who confirmed that eliminating despair doesn’t create pleasure
• Seligman who confirmed that psychological well being was not the mere absence of psychological sickness
• Becker and colleagues who confirmed that ending illness doesn’t create optimistic well being
As an alternative of aiming for a return to impartial or the established order, a deal with optimistic well being strikes our focus in the direction of outcomes that exceed our expectations, in different phrases, our idealized outcomes test banks.
Optimistic Well being
Optimistic well being has its roots within the salutogenesis mannequin. Salutogenesis offers a spotlight and methodology to find and develop the causes or origins of optimistic well being. Salutogenesis enhances pathogenesis by working to optimize well being and well-being by means of steady and unending enchancment. Salutogenesis is about easy methods to add optimistic actions, alternatives, circumstances and outcomes to maneuver us past the impartial level to increased, optimistic ranges.
Optimistic well being is a deliberate consciouly created dynamic state. Optimistic well being has additionally beed described as well-being, thriving or flourishing.
To realize and frequently enhance optimistic well being, a supportive, nurturing and inspiring atmosphere should be consciously and thoughtfully developed and repeatedly improved. This supportive and nurturing atmosphere is a needed ingredient within the habits change course of.
Optimistic states are created by means of deliberate, aware effort and motion. To create optimistic states, particular efforts should be taken that go simply past the elimination of well being dangers and issues. These particular efforts should be supported by means of the usage of following 9 Es and 1 C:
Use these 9 Es and 1 C in your worksite wellness program to assist your workers obtain optimistic well being.
If you’re excited by studying extra, think about these references:
Antonovsky, A. (1979) Well being, stress and coping. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Becker, C. M., Dolbier, C.L., Durham, T., Glascoff, M. A., & Adams, T.B. Growth and preliminary analysis of the validity and reliability of a optimistic well being scale. (2008). American Journal of Well being Schooling, 39(1), 34-41.
Becker, C. M., Moore, J., Whetstone, L., Glascoff, M., Chaney, E., Felts, M., & Anderson, L., (2009). Validity Proof for the Salutogenic Wellness Promotion Scale (SWPS). American Journal of Well being Habits, 33(four), 455-465.
Becker, C., Glascoff, M., & Felts, W. (2010) Salutogenesis 30 years later: The place can we go from right here? Worldwide Digital Journal of Well being Schooling, 13, 25-32.
Compton, W. C. (2005). Introduction to optimistic psychology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Dunn H. L. (1961). Excessive-level wellness: A group of twenty-nine brief talks on completely different elements of the theme “Excessive-level wellness for man and society.” Arlington, VA: R.W. Beatty Co.
Herzberg F. (2003). Yet another time: How do you inspire workers? Harvard Enterprise Overview, 81(1), 86-96. (Authentic work printed 1968).
Seligman, M. E. P. (2008). Optimistic well being. Utilized Psychology, 57(s1), Three-18.